From academic life to the job market: more mobility in the EU

 

Mobility in the European Union ensures better education and more employment / Audiovisual Service of the European Commission

Mobility in the European Union ensures better education and more employment / Audiovisual Service of the European Commission

When we hear talking about the European Union and the successes achieved, mobility always appears as one of those achievements. And there are good reasons for it. The free movement represents one of the most appreciated achievements by Europeans, which contributes to the identification of citizens with the European Union. Nowadays, we can live, study and work in any Member State of the European Union. However, there are still some bureaucratic obstacles which may restrain young people to continue their studies or to work in other European country. Continue reading

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Why Spain and Poland should lead the European Neighbourhood Policy?

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

For Spain and Poland, Europeanisation and democratization were two parallel pathways. After their accession to the European Union they became two states among the most committed to the European integration process, promoting “more Europe”. Spain and Poland, thanks to their peaceful political transitions and to their relations with the countries belonging to the European Neighbourhood Policy area, should lead a more ambitious policy towards the EU neighbourhood.

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Europe 2014: challenges and developments

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

Festival of Europe Open day 2012 in Brussels / © European Union 2012 PE-EP

Festival of Europe Open day 2012 in Brussels / © European Union 2012 PE-EP

If 2013 was the European Year of Citizens, 2014 is the year where over 500 millions of European citizens will elect our representatives in the European Parliament and, for the first time, also the President of the European Commission. However, we will see new developments in Europe before the elections of May. Continue reading

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Poland: an example for the Europeanization of the Eastern Partnership of the European Union

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

Poland is placed in the best position to take the leadership in the EU to deal with the Eastern Partnership. Since Polish accession in 2004, it is remarkable the significant role that Poland is playing in the EU eastern neighbourhood, an area where this country is promoting democratization and Europeanization. Continue reading

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Can Spain be a model for the democratisation of the southern shore of the Mediterranean?

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

The fact of thinking that maintaining the status quo in the southern neighbourhood with authoritarian regimes brings economic benefits for Europe, is just a short-term view. In the long term, defending political and economic reforms will have positive consequences in the society of the region and, therefore, in the trade relations with the EU. Energy is fundamental for the bilateral relations as well as fisheries, agriculture and textile products, not only for Spain, but also for France and Italy, whose relations with North African countries are very strong. Continue reading

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The European identity of Luxembourg

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

Banque et Caisse d'Epargne de l'Etat (Luxembourg) / Rubén Ruiz

Banque et Caisse d’Epargne de l’Etat (Luxembourg) / Rubén Ruiz

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg has been characterised so far for being a State enjoying an exemplary political and economic stability. The eighteen years of Jean-Claude Juncker, leader of the Christian Social People’s Party (CSV), as Prime Minister of Luxembourg, have come to an end. Luxembourg is a nation which shares its historical national identity with a pro European conviction, a nation of founding fathers of the European Union who have shaped along decades the European integration process. Taking into consideration the role and the contribution of Juncker to the European project and his experience in national politics but always with a link to the European Union, he could be a strong candidate for a prominent position in Brussels. Continue reading

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Which Europe does Angela Merkel want?

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

“Political union” and “more Europe” are two concepts used by many European leaders when they explain the Europe they want to build. The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, also supports a European political union and “more Europe”. However, those concepts offer us several interpretations. What is the idea of Europe that Angela Merkel defends under those expressions? Continue reading

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“Alternative for Germany”: A new model of euroscepticism?

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

In April 2013 a new political party was founded in Germany, a party which has given rise to much debate and occupies an ideological space not represented so far in this country. This party, Alternative für Deutschland (“Alternative for Germany”, AfD), describes themselves as “euro-critic”, but not anti-European, refuses the single currency and supports the restoration of the German mark. Continue reading

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Chemical weapons as weapons of terror

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

Nowadays, the international community must face risks and threats that did not exist some decades ago, such as the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). Therefore, security and defence models to fight against these risks must be adapted to the new era, an era where the asymmetry of conflicts is the most important difficulty to deal with. Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear weapons are the threat of the present and of the future. Continue reading

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Nigeria: risks and opportunities for Spain and Europe

Author: Rubén Ruiz Calleja

The potential of Nigeria to exploit and export energy resources, and the Spanish and European demand could intensify their relations with this African country, facing the risks and threats which increase and try to destabilize this State and the region of the Sahel. Continue reading

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